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【中英双语】十大行业“濒临灭绝”,即将被机器人取代

更新:2016-01-25 16:25:02  |  来源:转载  |  阅读:22
标签:机器人人类鸡尾酒

Top 10 replaceable jobs by robots

十大行业“濒临灭绝”,即将被机器人取代

It is not a new debate whether robots are going to replace humans in certain jobs. A research conducted by Nomura Research Institute, a Japanese think tank, and University of Oxford, showed that in 10 to 20 years, nearly half of the jobs in Japan can be replaced by robots or artificial intelligence.

Based on the standards established by researchers, if more than 60 percent of a job content can be done by robots or artificial intelligence, it can be seen as a 'replaceable job'.

Similar research had been carried out by researchers from University of Oxford in the UK and the US and the ratios of the 'replaceable jobs' were 35 percent and 47 percent respectively.

Let's take a look at the top 10 jobs on the replaceable list and see if you are in the 'endangered' industries.

机器人代替人类的工作已不是新话题,如今将有超过60%的工作会被机器人代替。今天在这里给大家列10个即将被取代的工作,看看自己是否处于“濒临灭绝”的行业呢。

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Bartender

Royal Caribbean International's luxurious cruise 'Quantum of the Seas' has already 'hired' robot bartenders to mix drinks for the visitors on board. The robot named 'Monsieur' knows the recipe for 300 cocktails and can finish making a drink within seconds.

调酒师
机器人'Monsieur'能调制300种鸡尾酒,而且调制一种酒的时间只需几秒钟。 

Pharmacist
The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) uses robots to dispense medicines. When the machine receives the subscription, robots are in charge of packing and dispensation. The robot pharmacists can make sure that the medicines the patients get will not cause adverse drug reactions with the medicines patients are currently taking.

药剂师
机器人可以帮忙包装和分类药物。


Bomb squad
According to statistics from the US federal government, the country has more than 450 squads dealing with thousands of bomb-related issues each year. Some of the squads have started to use robots in order to lower the risks.

防爆小组
美国每年有450多个防爆小组,需要拆除上千个炸弹。美国政府为了降低工作风险,已经开始使用拆弹机器人。

Nanny
The cleaning robot, iRobot has been around for a while and has been gaining great reputation in households. Users say that the result of iRobot is significantly better than the traditional vacuum machines. The company has sold more than 10 million iRobots.

保姆
保姆机器人可以帮助主人在家搞卫生。最有名的iRobot公司,已出售1000多万台保姆机器人。

Bank teller
In the 16 branches of Coastal Federal Credit Union, clients don't see one clerk as the jobs are done by robot bank tellers. According to the bank's spokesperson, the introduction of robots led to a 40 percent decrease of bank teller hires.

银行柜员
机器人已经开始代替银行柜员,将会导致40%的柜员面临失业。

Storage manager
Amazon.com now has an army of robots working at its warehouse department. With the help of robots, an employee can scan 300 pieces of goods per hour compared to 100 pieces before.

仓库管理员
仓库管理员之前每小时扫描100个物件,而如今机器人可以每小时扫描300个。

Soldiers
US Army General Robert Cohen said that by 2030, a quarter of US combat troops can be replaced by robots. The US army is aiming to transform into a smaller and more easily deployed army and robots are there to help with the mission.

士兵
美国将军 Robert Cohen 说 ,2030将会有四分之一的作战部队被机器人所代替。

Farmers
According to analysts with IBISWorld, robots make it more effective when it comes to farmwork such as inspecting ground condition, driving tractors and harvesting crops. Many robots are used now for weeding.

农民
机器人可以代替农民检查土地,驾驶拖拉机,收割庄稼和除草。

Journalists
Business reporters and sports reporters are the most replaceable ones. As a matter of fact, a program developed by Narrative Science has enabled robots to write short sports news for clients. It is also considered that robots are bad at creative writing so novelists and feature writers do not need to worry about their jobs.

记者
机器人如今会写短小的体育新闻,但是对于创造型的写作仍无法做到,所以小说家和特写作家不必担心丢了自己的饭碗。

Lawyer
Clients pay millions of dollars for attorneys to do jobs that robots can do better. A company called Balckstone Discovery provides services to look through files and look up phrases and get the meanings using robots.

律师
过去顾客花费上百万美元给律师,而机器人可以做得更好。如今有一家叫“黑石发现”的公司,他们研发的机器人可以通过提供的资料和文献协助打官司。

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